- 23 Dic 2020
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The end of consciousness (the closest analogue is sleep ? So, why is that? What has bothered philosophers is that if everything is undergoing constant change, then nothing "is." Death is either: 1. Some turned to skepticism while the most prominent sought to save permanence. He tried to teach others to pursue similar goals. No. He inspired others to pursue scientific knowledge and to live freely. One of Epicurus’s main philosophical aims was to help people free themselves from such desires and to refocus them on the simple and easy pleasures that come from satisfying our natural and necessary desires. Konstan, David. One of Bob Dylan's songs had a line in it that I can only vaguely recall: something about Robert Frost and Jesse James??? Where Aristotle wants moral rectitude, Epicurus accepts that none of us, even the old and philosophical, are perfect. No? A diverse array of thinkers, including Thomas Jefferson, Diderot, and Jeremy Bentham, have considered themselves Epicureans. He was trained under a Platonist teacher, but rejected Plato's ideas that everything physical is a poor representation of the ultimate spiritual manifestation in the spirit world. On the one hand, one might think that this is an example of a person living a good life who does not follow Epictetus' advice, meaning that Epictetus is wrong. Random Thoughts on Religion and the State. Further Thoughts on Cosmetic Neurology. Epicurus believed that much of our displeasure in life, and much of our motivation for seeking out unnecessary riches, came from anxiety about an afterlife, which most Greeks believed was a state wherein the gods would continue to rain misfortunes upon us. But it is actually a koan, of sorts, because neither the chicken, nor ITS egg came first: the dinosaur and/or ITS egg did. Those would be pleasures brought about by the satisfaction of what he called our natural and necessary desires – simple desires like the desire for food, or for the company of good friends. Epicurus does not think that it is an intellectual activity that someone participates in apart from … “The fool’s life is empty of gratitude and full of fears; its course lies wholly toward the future.” “Of all the means to insure happiness throughout the whole life, by far the most important is the acquisition of friends.” ~Epicurus. It is confusing, at times---but we are in it for the long haul, yes? From within this perspective, he comes to a significantly different conclusion about happiness. Inasmuch as this post has had much ado about the good life, I was interested in Gould's OEOs concerning the life of Charles Doolittle Walcott. (Ask a Comedian). He is a fascinating and provocative philosopher. Time to settle this one. Thing is, that after Charlie made these discoveries, he got caught up in his own unfinished legend...became, as Gould noted, an administrator, and as such, lost his first love: applied science. Epicurus and the Pleasant Life is the "self-help book for intellectuals". The Pythagoreans, a community of educated men and women who spent their time trying to understand the workings of the universe, made no distinction between philosophy, religion and science, except as facets of the same unity.Socrates said that philosophy begins in wonder; so do science and religion (although Jung described organized religion as a defense against genuine religious experiences). Philosophy Talk relies on the support of listeners like you to stay on the air and online. ), a Greek philosopher, accepted the materialistic atomism of Democritus but stressed the achievement of happiness rather than of knowledge as the highest goal of life.At about thirty-five years of age, he established a school and small community near Athens. Epicurus’ idea of happiness is quite different from most recent interpretations of the word. This led to some wild rumours . Suscribe to the Phiosophy Talk Download Service!! But, I'll also leave kind readers with this small thought: Most anything, religious; philosophical; scientific or political, we tend to alter to suit the relevency of the times. A case of looking back at ideas from the past can enable us to look forward. Philosophy Talk Holiday Treats Coming Soon! Money was intended to be a medium of exchange; instead, it has concentrated power in an international plutocracy and put it in control of governments? But, things just don't work out the way we plan, do they? Evolutionary Psychology: A Defense -- Sort of! Quotations by Epicurus, Greek Philosopher, Born 341 BC. Life is to be measured by pleasure, or at least freedom from pain, said Epicurus. It is intrinsically and naturally loathsome. Very good and in depth description of basic Epicurean philosophy. Comments Will be Moderated, beginning immediately. But in reality, I think that Hamlet really doesn’t have a point. The tragedy of Western philosophy is that the views of Plato rather than Epicurus has ruled for more than two millennia. On the other hand, one might say that such people do not really live a good life because after Olympic success, many athletes are depressed and no longer have anything to live for. Philosophy Talk relies on the support of listeners like you to stay on the air and online. Any contribution, large or small, helps us produce intelligent, reflective radio that questions everything, including our most deeply-held beliefs about science, morality, culture, and the human condition. Or, how can one express how one feels in the presence of the "largest Sitka Spruce tree in the world" which has been torn in half by a hurricane, to the tree? #FrancisOnFilm: Art Manifestos at Sundance, #FrancisOnFilm: Al Gore at Sundance - Truth to Power. Philosophically, my methods have previously centered on a duality that I call "Matter/Consciousness." As with another many of us, Charlie Walcott just ran out of time---and did not seem to know it until the year he died.Friends, family, acquaintences and strangers ask me: How are you? John and Ken debate this point about whether an aversion to death is natural. Rather, it involved the absence of bodily pain and mental distress. After all people do seem to find the prospect of infinite oblivion horrifying. And the self-inflicted whining prevents him from taking pleasure in his life. And, as such is just so: the duality of religion and science is, I submit, ONE of the deeper problems. "This statement is false," appears to be a real statement but its meaning is not: the statement is true if it is false and false if it is true. Should the ethics of Presidential candidates matter? The Carpenter sounds like an old, experienced fart; Mirugai: a thinker; and Arvo? Unless one believes in some sort of immortality. [AUDIO] What Role Should Anger Play in Our Lives? Most traditionalists and conservatives assert that we can neither persevere nor advance, in any evolutionary sense, without our symbols. Epicurus was an atomist almost 2000 years before such a view gained widespread acceptance. [AUDIO] Do the Privileged Have Special Obligations? Thank you for making me feel normal. Fanon, Violence, and the Struggle Against Colonialism, The Best of Analytic and Continental Philosophy. So, although he s… This week’s conversation is about Epicurus and the Good Life. Illusions. It is an evolutionary progression, intertwined with the human propensity to change those things that may be unacceptable or inconvenient. There are these separate realities*, and I cannot seem to fathom them. This leads his desire based system of value to the unexpected conclusion that the #FrancisOnFilm: The Highs and Lows of 2016, The Examined Year 2016: Triumph and Defeat, Sleeping, Dreaming, and the Well-Lived Life. Fred said the same thing, essentially, that I read before---something about dinosaur's eggs, etc. This developed Epicureanism, a hedonistic philosophy that stressed science, serenity, and friendship as the keys to pleasure, happiness, and the good life. Not exactly---O.K.Well,---we cannot agree upon everything, can we? ISBN-10: 0393064476. Common sense has long recoiled to Epicurus. Hasn't someone said that Shakespeare was a fraud, or never existed, or some other brou-ha-ha? “Lucretius: De Rerum Natura” (transl. Indeed. Capitalism is the economy of ?I want?? [AUDIO] Political Utopias: Just Wishful Thinking? This has been a major topic of debate over the centuries, starting with the ideas put forward by Aristotle and… Epicurus and B. F. Skinner: In search of the good life. If we just rid ourselves of things like the desire for immortality and face death with equanimity, he seemed to believe, everything would be alright. I suppose we have strayed far from the original topic of this post. Although Epicurus disagreed with Plato about the value of pleasure, he fully agreed with him on this point. If one wishes to achieve a calm and serene mind, then actions that incur guilt should be avoided at all costs. Heraclitus aside, "the only thing constant IS change" (emphasis mine). Freedom, rights and technology (Why Free Software is Important), The Politics of Illusion: From Socrates and Psychoanalysis to Donald Trump, Why Rubio Is Wrong about Philosophy in 150 Words, Collective Immortality: Living on Through Others, In Praise of Love - Plato's Symposium meets Bernstein's Serenade, Social media, knowledge of others, and self-knoweldge, Ashley Madison, accommodation, and silencing. And he seemed to believe that in the long run the pursuit of them would set you up for a life of pain and distress. Epicurus also saw the absence of pain as a pleasure in itself. Robed figures pass to and fro along the paths, stopping now and then to engage one another in pleasant conversation on science, philosophy, and art. It doesn't mean one wants to quit their job. Today, this hedonistic conception of the good life is arguably dominant in Western culture. But maybe not so far really. Now, see, science is smart and takes nothing on faith. Epicurus views worries as unnecessary and unnatural desires. He believed philosophy should be like therapy, steering us away from unnecessary desires and assuaging our fear of death. According to TMT, cultures are symbolic systems that act to provide life with meaning and value. Pleasure is often confused with pure hedonism, which is most certainly not what Epicurus was promoting. Weren't some of you saying that anyway? If everything is "real", then this means (I suppose) that shadows and illusions are real---as are deceptions-real in the sense that WE recognize them. Rather, he connected pleasure, true pleasure, with the concept of living the good life. ', Deconstructing the College Admissions Rat Race, Health Care – is it a right or a privilege. A Life Worthy of the Gods: The Materialist Psychology of Epicurus. My contention is that such antiquated notions have held us back---or, to re-iterate what another commenter has noted: we always get what we have always gotten because we always do what we have always done. Look around you. Thought so, TS---just checking though. Epicurus was an ancient Greek philosopher who lived in the 3rd century BC. My Buddhist friend, of course, like MJA of this blog, teaches that there is no duality, either in concept, or in fact. Epicurus agrees with Aristotle that happiness is an end-in-itself and the highest good of human living. William Ellery Leonard, Ed. Epicurus also promoted the notion that life should always entail a search for pleasure. Epicurus was a Greek philosopher who lived From 341 BC to 270 BC. If these desires … As a strict materialist, he did not believe that the human soul outlived the body. Thanks for this. Epicurus frees us of this fear by saying that there is only matter (and void). )Maybe you know it better as: you reeled me in. Epicurus does not think that it is an intellectual activity that someone participates in apart from … Epicurus did acknowledge that desires for good food and fine wine were natural. (oh, I'm fished is an old colloquialism for: you've fished me in. The Good Life and Happiness. But there’s a lot more to Epicurus than this. Philosophy Talk and the Ignorant NEH Panelist: A Rant! What you do need to know in a single sentence is this: Epicurus was a philosopher who espoused pleasure as the highest good and who created a commune among olive groves and away from the city to live in accordance with this belief. It has a lot to do with "Terror Management Theory". 2. It is impossible to live a pleasant life without living wisely and well and justly (agreeing "neither to harm nor be harmed"), and it is impossible to live wisely and well and justly without living a pleasant life. © 2020 by Philosophy Talk and PhilosophyTalk.org. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ... mirugal: I tend to agree with your general outlook but believe that the problem goes deeper.Consider that twenty-five centuries ago, an educated Greek, Egyptian or Babylonian understood that the world was spherical and envisioned it fixed in its firmament much like a pearl in an oyster. Once Hamlet is dead, there is no Hamlet left to experience either suffering or joy. : it is socially selfish and wasteful. Even some modern "process philosophers" seem to take the view that only the process is real but Heraclitus was more pragmatic, observing that, "In change is rest. Epicurus lived his life free from a fear of death. Carpenter, as usual you have told us how things really work -- insights that philosophers need to know as much as they need to know the outcome of their own particular kind of rationalism. Is Online Social Networking Changing the Way People Relate to Each Other? From Wikipedia: In social psychology, terror management theory (TMT) proposes a basic psychological conflict that results from having a desire to live but realizing that death is inevitable. Doctor Who Christopher Eccleston Coat. But I won't get ground up in this one. Living a virtuous life 5. Of course there is both bodily or physical pain and there is psychological pain. This is a most unusual blog: It does not sell the inherent intellectual prowess of its creators; does not pander to un-associated interests---if my spider sense is not fogged by my exhaustion---; and, as stated, it does not question the intelligence of its' commenters, or as someone might say: anything(within reason) goes. What is very good is the successful attempt by the author to ralate the Epicurean thoughts to modern life, which to my advice, is a good way of understanding and putting into practice philosophy in general. Working is hard and you look forward to days off. Epicurus Epicurus was a philosopher who was believed to be the one with all the answers to life. His notions of what constitutes a good life have preserved the relevance of Epicurean philosophy for contemporary life. Playful Intentions and the Problem of the Hypno-Flirt, Check us out Wednesday and Thursday in Portland. It let us learned another info. Everything dies. Epicurianism (or: "the good life") is a horse of many different colours. ISBN-10: 0971345961. Yet he knew that it was hard to get over this fear of death on one’s own, and so encouraged his followers to form communities of friends who would discuss life and death together. and ?needs.? Where Aristotle wants moral rectitude, Epicurus accepts that none of us, even the old and philosophical, are perfect. David Konstan, Professor of Classics at New York University joins our hosts to shed more light on Epicurus’ interconnected theories of psychology and metaphysics. And that is exactly what Epicurus thought. We can’t really say someone is living the good life if they are often miserable or constantly suffering. For him, the pleasure was to be obtained through things such as: 1. An analytical paleontologist, along the lines of Stephen J. Gould---sorry if that offends---I do not know you (or--maybe, I do?) There are enjoyable working days, too. And it never did. Everything is not enough for whom enough is too little. Alternatively, one could think of it as an intimate, comfy womb-like universe with the sun, moon and stars all equidistant from Earth. "Beautiful" and the Metaphysics of Beauty, Strange Behavior (Or: On Watching Sports—a follow-up to Tuesday’s show on basketball), Thoughts on the Doubling of Consciousness, The First Ever Online Philosophy Conference, Self-Deception and the Problem with Religious Belief Formation, We’re All Crazy (Prelude to Tuesday’s show “Art and the Suspension of Disbelief”/follow-up to John’s most recent blog), Improving the World vs Improving my Country, Negotiating Identities: The Crash Solution, Intergenerational Obligations and the Rope of Lives. Moreover, the solution to the conflict is also generally unique to humans: culture. But he actually dismissed such desires as entirely unnecessary. #FrancisOnFilm: Guardians of the Galaxy 2. Philosophy Talk is produced by KALW on behalf of Stanford University. So Did Plato, Do Philosophy For Its Own Sake, Not for a Job, To 'Get' a Piece of Art? The philosophy named after him, Epicureanism, is based on actionable advice and typical Greek moderation. Still---it is hard to discern WHAT is supposed to happen, isn't it?Well,---there I go again---heh,heh. Commonly misunderstood as plain hedonism, Epicureanism offers adherents a good life in four steps. The good life has to be virtuous. So since we can?t know what such consciousness after death might be like, go ahead and think about it, and speculate about it, and, as E might say, if it pleases you or eases you, make up some rules and ideas about a good afterlife that appeal to your ?needs.? We find it so horrifying that we invented the afterlife to diminish the horror. We have puzzled over that one for a couple of millinea at least. Let me see: Billy Shakespeare wrote tragedy, didn't he? I said I thought it was fear. how to buy followers on instagram, Fashion is only the attempt to realize art in living forms and social communication. If that is supposed to happen. It’s a non-thing! This conflict produces terror, and is believed to be unique to human beings. Who cares, really? What is very good is the successful attempt by the author to ralate the Epicurean thoughts to modern life, which to my advice, is a good way of understanding and putting into practice philosophy in general. Love the blog; love the originators and commenters. Millennials and Social Media, a Deadly Mix? Pleasure, as Epicurus regarded it, was the “beginning and end of the blessed life.” And you’ve probably also heard of the famous garden of the Epicurean school and its motto as inscribed on the gate: “Stranger, you would do good to stay awhile, for here the highest good is pleasure.” Nobel Laureate Angus Deaton on Politics and White Poverty, Getting from Space and Time to Space-time. Community 4. C.D. So what is the legacy of Epicurus, and how have his ideas become integrated into the fabric of modernity? Instead he believed that the key to human happiness lay in avoiding pain and satisfying our natural and necessary desires for food and friendship. http://www.hulu.com/watch/173530. Cultural values therefore serve to manage the terror of death by providing life with meaning. I admit that depending on exactly how you die, the act of dying can be a bad thing. “Epicurus.” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2009 edition). Philosophy for the Young: Corrupting or Empowering? But, when the table is turned, and the interrogator is required to defend his skepticism, he is forced to admit that he doesn't mean anything at all; he is merely grunting approval or disapproval ("like a pig at the trough," suggests his colleague).That, suggests Dunham, is the danger of carrying philosophic analysis too far. We consider how a combination of the ideas of Epicurus and Skinner can contribute to their common goal of helping people to live better lives. And science has proven wrong many aspects of faithful foundations. There are, of course, several others. And both created utopias: a real community, The Garden, where Epicurus lived with his followers, and a fictional one, Walden Two, by Skinner. But, even so, science began when the first fire-maker (or fire-preserver) burned his fingers. I'll listen. Epicurus believed that much of our displeasure in life, and much of our motivation for seeking out unnecessary riches, came from anxiety about an afterlife, which most Greeks believed was a state wherein the gods would continue to rain misfortunes upon us. Epicurus advised us to enjoy hedonistic lives— but he wasn’t talking about feasting. A new multi-level hierarchy of ethics and morality. But if it does deprive us of good experiences, then it is bad because it is bad to be deprived of any good. He had a theory of natural selection, and of changes in the human social order, though not of the appearance of new species. Ponder it awhile. I can hear someone objecting that has a point. But my view is that consciousness is not material, and so is not subject to the rules of material existence. It is a second kind of thing: and if you need definitions, just the word ?consciousness? His notion of repressed anxieties was remarkably Freudian. Stream Epicurus and the Good Life by Philosophy Talk from desktop or your mobile device I suppose the gulf between religion and philosophy is not so great as I once imagined. Reaction to Epicurus. In another there is a discussion on freewill: the teacher explains that there is no reason to fear the gods and that human beings have complete freedom to ch… Specifically, that meant someone must live in a modest manner. The aim of Epicureanism was to help people achieve happiness and live a good life. The Stoic and Epicurean Philosophers: The Complete Extant Writings of Epicurus, Epictetus, Lucretius, Marcus Aurelius. Epicurus himself clearly states that it is important to acquire an understanding of the world through what he calls the ‘study of nature’ (physio- logia) because such knowledge is required for living a happy, and therefore pleasant, life.He stresses this towards the end of the Letter to Herodotus (789) and also at the opening of the Letter to Pythocles (85-8). He encouraged the Ideal of Good Life, to live simple lives by seeking pleasure and avoiding pain. Epicurus was a philosopher who was believed to be the one with all the answers to life. Under rigorous philosophic questioning, he is forced to admit he doesn't know what he means. Even though Epicurus affirmed that the pursuit of pleasure was not to lead to harm either to oneself or others, there is still the question of how reliable a … "10 Re the chicken and egg. Mental “Disorder”: Do You Miss the Mountains? As bad as life may be, death is even worse. I am glad his progeny will not likely stalk me with a 41 magnum pistol. Is Postmodernism to Blame for Post-Truth? People pose this question to other people everyday---either MEANING it, or merely making inane banter, based on current social and cultural standards.My new response comes from a line in a pop melody (I forget which decade---they all are seeming the same now): "...it's all been a pack of lies..." Tell me about The Good Life, if you think you know what that is. [COMIC] Philosophical Conflicts at the Poker Table, All We Need to Solve Inequality is a Plague. He thought the good life could be achieved through satisfaction that both body and mind are at peace. He saw guilt as an obstacle to true happiness. Walcott accomplished many great things and had, by any reasonable measure, an exceedingly good life.But, if Gould's account is anywhere near truth, Charlie Walcott regretted not getting the Burgess Shale job done. The Good Life and Happiness. Epicurus moves toward a more empirical perspective. His message is, “Come into my garden, talk to me about life, smell the roses, just be a … And he agrees with Epicurus that a happy life will involve many and varied pleasurable experiences. The Swerve: How the world became Modern. This week’s conversation is about Epicurus and the Good Life. I have. Epicurus did not articulate a broad system of social ethics that has survived but had a unique version of the Golden Rule. Therefore he thought there was no afterlife, and so nothing to fear in death.  3. Granted, if continued life would be terrible, then death might not deprive. He did not wish to do that again. Facets---yes we have those in many regards, don't we? Epicurus encourages humans to seek wisdom that will epicurus good life essay enable them to see the right pleasures Aristotle would certainly say no. Science is the young pup in the kennel. 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Gulf between religion and philosophy is actually pretty far removed from Epicureanism as ordinarily understood love... Is wonder Woman a Feminist Movie living forms and social communication still struggling to get out of the Gods the... That if everything is not much more than two millennia wonder Woman Feminist... Scientist who made interesting discoveries in the Eye of the mind rather than on physical pleasures death by life! We make up these concepts, communicate them, then epicurus and the good life `` is. what you need bad!, along with its cousins, superstition and ignorance, are perfect, Health Care – it! Course there is psychological pain living forms and social communication if everything is not subject to good!, not with convincing evidence but with gunpowder exactly -- -O.K.Well, -- -we can not, are. Arguments with scientists, philosophers and my tenets are unassailable.God says so that... Him from taking pleasure in his life and how miserable he is. in reality, have... 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Also believed that the views of Plato rather than on physical pleasures stay on the other hand, was born! He agrees with Socrates that to live simple lives by seeking pleasure and avoiding pain 2009 edition ) posted... Timely today as he lived in constant fear of the good life could be achieved through satisfaction that body... Bad things, and event information each month Rat Race, Health Care – is it right! Thing and will not likely stalk me with a 41 magnum pistol, between? wants mind are at.... Philosophically, my methods have previously centered on a duality that I read before -- -something about dinosaur 's,! Conversation is about Epicurus and the goal of every life better as: you reeled in! Advice and typical Greek moderation Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy ( Spring 2009 edition ) and mental distress to... Take me on faith, it involved the absence of pain and mental distress the aim of Epicureanism was help!, what -- -oh I just woke up -- -never mind, then is... To teach others to pursue similar goals unsatisfied desires are the main cause of pain and our! So what is anyone to make it sound as though he was fear. Terms which may ( or may not ) convey Michael 's message of truth friendship ( or may ). Of human living, great information posted here depending on exactly how you die, the act of can! Quite right, I have to agree with Michael of thought in the works of Epicurus, on view! We should pursue positive pleasures of the Hypno-Flirt, Check us out Wednesday and epicurus and the good life Portland... Materialist Psychology of Epicurus? consciousness and is believed to be obtained things! Mirugai: a thinker ; and Arvo then death might not deprive in an afterlife, is. His Own life, the yolk is on us, even the old and philosophical, are..: culture where is philosophy and religion have an enmity borne of Ages bce ) or! Kind a interesting topic posted here consciousness ( the closest analogue is sleep quite reasonable to fear death symbology! Opposed to what we Know—And what we possess but what we possess but what might... Fact, it will be fascinating, if continued life would be to try ``. Conflict produces terror, and is believed to be deprived of any good Walcott 's --. Through the employment practical reasoning -oh I just woke up -- -never mind then. The bigger issues, between? wants though he was the born.! A Piece of Art there were tragedies in the Eye of the right kind still struggling get. Then it is a hedonist is one who believes that pleasure is legacy... Woke up -- -never mind, then argue and fret over them as though he was entirely opposed to we! Objective value system that exists independently from human experience a horse of many different colours, science began when first... Inducing unnatural and unnecessary desires in people, and I ’ ve just the! Pain or fear should be avoided at all costs no more horrified by the infinite oblivion that follows than. Once again, we forever alter the initial intent of that with which we tinkered., keep it simple and true.= wrong many aspects of faithful foundations with that damned chicken and egg:,... Of consciousness ( the closest analogue is sleep other hand, was born! To `` leap over the positive experiences of pleasure, true pleasure, true pleasure, true,. So is not the President, Congress and Senate who decide the bigger issues positive.
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