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Some that you'll need to know best include specialized blood cells, specialized nerve cells and specialized muscle cells. Quiz & Worksheet Goals. Specialized cells are cells that have a particular adaptation to preform a special task. The xylem is specialised to transport water up the stem of a plant and into the leaves. Specialized Cells, Biology 1. Stem cells Before a cell becomes specialised, it first starts out as a stem cell. Pluripotent stem cell. The human body contains hundred of different types of cells that each serve a different purpose. These enzymes include pepsin (which works with proteins), hydrochloric acid (which works with the pepsin), and rennin (which works with milk). Red Blood Cell 2. Credit: Science Photo Library - STEVE GSCHMEISSNER/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images. The quiz asks questions about the functions of particular specialized cells. Cell organisation. Differentiation allows cells to develop into the four major tissue types: epithelial tissue, nervous tissue, connective tissue and muscle tissue. White blood Cell … 3. Terms in this set (11) Specialized cells. Basal Cells . Xylem vessels are made up of a series of connected dead xylem cells. The role of different, specialized cells. Once students have mastered basic cells, they should move on to specialized cells and their specific functions. produce mucus which lines the respiratory tract and traps bacteria and other particles in the air. Stem cells are unique in that they originate as unspecialized cells and have the ability to develop into specialized cells that can be used to build specific organs or tissues. Goblet Cells . cells on the outside of the respiratory epithelium which use cilia to move mucus and particles out of the respiratory tract to be coughed out. Specialized Cells Plant’s and animal’s cells are specialized to carry their job efficiently. The breakdown of nutrients in the stomach requires specialized cells that secrete digestive enzymes and gastric juices. The stomach contains four layers, the inner most layer is the mucosa, which is made for the specialized functions of the stomach. There are at least 200 different cell types in the human body. Each cell has adaptations that allow it to work effectively within living things. Cell type % cell count: Erythrocytes (red blood cells) 84.0 Platelets 4.9 Bone marrow cells 2.5 Vascular endothelial cells 2.1 Lymphocytes 1.5 Hepatocytes ... Gland of Moll cell in eyelid (specialized sweat gland) Sebaceous gland cell (lipid-rich sebum secretion) Bowman's gland cell … Animal Specialized Cells 1. Nerve cells. A substance called lignin strengthens the cell walls of xylem cells. White blood cells. Animals tend to have many more cell types than plants, according to North Carolina State University, because they are more complex organisms that have to perform more functions in order to stay alive. SpecializedCells 2. Specialized cells work together to create the fundamental structures of the human body. The unique feature of stem cells is that they are pluripotent - they have the potential to become any type of cell in the body.These incredible cells are the ancestors of all cells in the body, from simple skin cells to complex neurons.Without these cells, we wouldn't be as complex or functional as human beings. Cells that perform a certain function. Xylem cells. In multicellular animals and plants, groups of specialised cells work together to create more complex structures:. Specialized cells work together toward a common goal, and different groups of specialized cells create the whole organism. The end walls of the dead cells are broken to allow water to move through. Cells that act like "telephone wires" that carry messages or impulses from one part of the body to another part. Stem cells can divide and replicate many times in order to replenish and repair tissue. Cells are the building blocks of all living things. The dead cells are specialized to carry their job efficiently epithelial tissue, connective tissue and tissue! Include specialized blood cells, specialized nerve cells and specialized muscle cells it starts! Water to move through Plant and into the four major tissue types: epithelial tissue nervous... Mastered basic cells, they should move on to specialized cells work together to create the structures! Structures: into the leaves basic cells, specialized nerve cells and specific... Specialized functions of particular specialized cells work together to create more complex:..., specialized nerve cells and their specific functions, the inner most layer is the mucosa which! 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